School Facilities that Withstand Earthquakes: Examples of Seismic Retrofitting

This document can also be found on the official website of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan at: In recent years, there have been frequent large earthquakes, such as the 2004 Mid-Niigata Prefecture Earthquake and the 2005 Fukuoka Seihou-oki Earthquake. In our Japan, there is no knowing when and where such earthquakes could occur. Improving the seismic resistance of school facilities is a pressing issue, because children spend a large part of their daily lives in school, and schools need to secure the safety of children as well as act as emergency evacuation facilities for local communities when an earthquake occurs.
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