Child-Friendly Hygiene and Sanitation Facilities in Schools

The "Child-Friendly Hygiene and Sanitation Facilities in Schools" (2005) was written based on IRC's involvement as architect/planner and UNICEF programme officer in successful and less successful school sanitation projects while living in Guyana, Honduras and Central Asia. This booklet takes a non-traditional look at school hygiene and sanitation facilities in pre-school, primary and secondary schools. It aims to provide guidelines for the design of child-friendly facilities that are part of the learning environment, and that not only 'facilitate', but also enable, stimulate and promote appropriate hygiene practices. Unfortunately, schools with unpleasant facilities that consist of a smelly dark space with just a 'hole in the floor' and without any integrated facility for hand washing or a water point are often the reality. The result is that children feel uncomfortable and are scared to use facilities, leading to unsafe conditions and unhealthy practices. These guidelines are also applicable in situations where existing school hygiene and sanitation facilities are being rehabilitated.This booklet covers all the stages of a design project, from needs assessment to operation and maintenance, because effective child-friendly hygiene and sanitation facilities cannot be realised merely by improving designs. It stresses the importance of active involvement of children, teachers, parents and the community during all of these stages so that they themselves will be able to find solutions for their own problems and needs.For further information, please visit