Accelerating clean cooking as a nature-based climate solution

“Clean cooking solutions” refers to a suite of fuel-stove combinations with emissions perfor - mance that meets the World Health Organization’s guidelines for indoor air quality. This category includes high-efficiency charcoal and biomass pellet stoves, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), biogas, ethanol, and electric stoves and pressure cookers. Solutions are context-specific and must meet consumer needs and willingness to pay. Cooking is a fundamental part of life. Yet, billions of people do not have the luxury of safe meal preparation. Instead, they depend on polluting, open fires or inefficient, climate-harming stoves to cook their daily meals, emitting over 120 megatons of climate pollutants every year. More than half of anthropogenic black carbon emissions come from burning solid fuels for cooking and heating in homes, making household energy the largest controllable source of black carbon. Lack of access to clean cooking is a major threat to nature,climate, and sustainable livelihoods.This report outlines the evidence base for the fundamental role of clean cooking in delivering and achieving the benefits of nature-based solutions. It illustrates how clean cooking enterprises and conservation organizations are leveraging clean cooking value chains to deliver inclusive and sustainable rural development and ensure long-term success of nature-based solutions, and it provides an overview of the key financing barriers and opportunities to align and scale clean cooking approaches with nature-based solutions. The report offers a set of strategic recommendations for governments, investment decision-makers, conservation organizations, and the private sector to scale clean cooking as a nature-based solution.